Legal Correspondent Christos Kiosses specializes in assisting Greek-Americans with legal issues in Greece. Here he discusses getting a Greek divorce.
Breaking up is hard to do, but getting a divorce is even harder. And in a foreign country, the process could be more complex. We hope you’ll never have to obtain a Greek divorce or otherwise, but in the event you find yourself in this position, competent legal representation is a must.
Relationships are hard
Wedding vows are delivered in absolute terms. Especially that “forever” part. And, in most cases, the spouses really believe them. They believe that their partner means it and they believe that they themselves mean it.
Sadly, statistics prove more than a third of them wrong. In modern Greece, for 53,429 weddings registered in 2014, there were 18,353 divorces registered. That’s more than 34%. In Athens, things are even worse, with a whopping (and sad) ratio of 1.15:1, meaning that almost as many Greek divorces were registered as weddings.
It appears that divorce is a major part of contemporary society and dealing with it in a civilized matter should be the first priority.
The beginning of the end
When clients seek my help with ending their marriage, and obtain a Greek divorce, my initial reaction and my first course of action is to try to mend things. Trying to reach to the core of the problems, the roots of the cause, the main cause of the difficulties is sometimes extremely helpful and can clear up cloudy minds set on fight mode.
If the break up is final and the spouses wish to proceed with dissolving their marriage, we need to obtain a court decision. Only through a court decision can a marriage be declared dissolved.
Greek courts are competent to hear divorce cases, if the spouses’ last common residence was within Greece.
Getting a Greek Divorce
If the spouses agree to dissolve their marriage, then a single motion is filed to the court. They can both give a Power of Attorney to one lawyer and don’t even have to set foot in court. The lawyer will handle all the proceedings within three months, more or less. This is the process of Consensual Divorce, where the parties consent to the termination of their marriage.
1) A written agreement, signed by both spouses and the attorney(s), clearly stating that they want to divorce.
2) The wedding must be at least 6 months old. Under Greek Law, one cannot get married one day and file for divorce the next day, even if they really, really want to. They are stuck for at least six months.
3) The decision to end the marriage must be clearly stated verbally in court, either in person or through the Power of Attorney.
4) A written agreement, signed by both spouses and the attorney(s), settling the relationships between the parents and any child(ren) they might have, custody, visitation rights, alimony, etc.
– Wedding Certificate,
– Civil Status Certificate (issued by the Municipal Authorities),
– Certified photocopies of the spouses’ IDs,
– Child(ren)’s Birth Certificate(s).
– Power of Attorney, drafted and signed by a Notary Public, and
– An attendance note for the attorney to appear in court
If only one spouse wants to get a divorce or there is no agreement between the parties, then we proceed to an Adversarial Divorce.
Either one of the spouses can ask a court to dissolve the marriage, provided that there is a serious and substantial reason to do so. The plaintiff (the spouse, who files for divorce) must prove that the relationship between the two of them has been shaken so hard, that it is no longer possible for them to live together any more. Some common reasons, alleged by parties, in order to prove such a strong upset of the relationship, would be bigamy, threats on the life of the other spouse or children, domestic violence, abandonment, and so on.
Greek divorce law does not give any definition on the substantial shaking of the relationship, because there has to be a lot of room for interpretation. Each case is examined on its own merits. There is only a broad framework and the court will decide, whether the marriage is beyond repair.
There is one absolute presumption, though. If the spouses have been apart for a period of time longer than two years, the relationship is presumed so severely shaken, that the court is bound to dissolve it.
The life after
After the court decision is final and the Greek divorce is registered, the two former spouses are free to go on with their lives and enter into another marriage, if they wish to do so.
If the wedding took place in a church, then it must be spiritually dissolved, as well. The Metropolitan issues a decree after an order from the D.A.’s office. The tax authorities also need to be informed, because there is a difference in taxation between single individuals and married couples.
However, there are still some matters, which might entangle the former spouses. A former spouse, who is in dire need of support or is indigent, can file against the other former spouse for alimony, with some restrictions and within a specific period of time. Furthermore, a former spouse can file against the other for participation in any and all acquisitions that took place while they were married.
The dreaded “D” word
Divorce is a very heavy word. It creates a great amount of stress; it breaks up homes and families (immediate or extended); it carries a social stigma in conservative societies, such as Greece still; it drains resources, both financial and emotional; it consumes time and effort.
On the other hand, divorce is also a very light word. It gives freedom; it eliminates further conflict; it ends a broken-beyond- -repair relationship; it gives a chance for new beginnings.
A good divorce is always better than a bad marriage.
One thing is certain, special care should always be given to the innocent parties, the children. They should not have to bear any cost or suffer any collateral damage. That’s my number one priority in handling divorce cases throughout the years.
Feel free to ask questions in the comments below.
Other articles by Christos Kiosses:
He is a Foreign Legal Consultant within the Law Offices of George C. Xamplas, serving the needs of Greeks living in the larger Chicago area and beyond with any legal issues they might have in Greece.
Prior to moving to the US, Christos practiced law for 20 years in Greece. A member of the Thessaloniki Bar Association since 1996, he has extensive experience in litigation, counseling, legal practice and negotiations. He is licensed to practice in Illinois, in Greece, and the European Union.
He specializes in the fields of Real Estate Law, Inheritance and Tax Law, Commercial and Civil Law, as well as Intellectual Property Law and Family Law. He also has experience litigating a variety of commercial and business-related claims and liability matters.
Christos has handled successfully a wide variety of cornerstone cases, creating in the process legal precedent in the Greek Legal System. Some examples include: battling fraudulent companies in a nationwide time-sharing scheme scandal, saving countless individuals in the process; achieving a landmark case against the Hellenic Mapping and Cadastral Organization, paving the way for hundreds of homeowners to reclaim their properties.
He is also an accredited US and EU civil and commercial mediator. In that capacity, he was involved in numerous successful courtside mediations.
Christos blogs on legal topics of interest to Greek Americans, at kiossesblog.com, and discusses these topics on a weekly radio show, The Chicago Greek Hours with Sotiris Rekoumis, which airs on Thursdays at 9:00 am (CST).
Latest posts by Christos Kiosses (see all)
- Greek-American Legal Topics: Judicial Guardianship - August 24, 2016
- Greek-American Legal Topics: Getting a Greek Divorce - June 20, 2016
- Greek-American Legal Topics: Greek Citizenship - May 12, 2016