There are many, many important dates in our history that we must commemorate. Let’s take a look at what happened in July in Modern Greek history.
July in Greek History
Greek has a long, rich history. Let’s take a look at what happened in July in Greek History.
July 1, 1899 – Konstantinos Tsatsos, Greek scholar and politician, President of #Greece, was born. (d. 1987)
July 2, 1917 – Greece officially declared war on the Central Powers, entering WWI.
July 2, 1939 – Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek poet and politician, was born. (d. 1976)
July 2, 1978 – Aris Alexandrou, Greek author and poet, passed away. (b. 1922)
July 2, 2017 – Minos Xenophon “Minas” Kyriakou, Greek media and shipping magnate and businessman, passed away. He was the president of the Greek Olympic Committee and was the President of the International Olympic Academy. (b. 1942)
July 3, 1823 – Ahmed Vefik Pasha, Greek-Ottoman statesman, diplomat, playwright, and translator, was born. (d. 1891)
July 3, 1898 – Stefanos Stefanopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece, was born. (d. 1982)
July 3, 1909 – Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping magnate, was born. (d. 1996)
July 3, 1992 – The adoption of a flag incorporating the Vergina Sun by FYROM, increased tensions between the two countries.
July 4, 2004 – Greece stunned Portugal with a 1-0 win to capture the European Championship.
July 5, 1898 – Georgios Grivas, Greek general, was born. (d. 1974)
July 5, 1913 – George Costakis, Greek-Russian art collector ,was born. (d. 1990)
July 5, 2015 – 1st referendum since 1974, to decide whether Greece would accept the bailout conditions in the country’s government-debt crisis proposed jointly by EC, IMF, & ECB. Bailout conditions were rejected by a majority of over 61% to 39% approving, with the “No” vote winning in all of Greece’s regions.
July 6, 1473 – James III of Cyprus, son of James II of Cyprus and Catherine Cornaro, king of Cyprus, was born. (d. 1474)
July 6, 1827 – Signing of the Treaty of London by the UK, France and Russia, who called upon Greece and the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) to cease hostilities. The Allied powers had mainly wanted this treaty to cause the Ottomans to create an independent Greek state. It stated that while the Ottoman Empire should recognize the independence of Greece, the Sultan would be the supreme ruler of Greece. However, the Ottoman Empire, basing its decision upon its (supposedly) superior naval force, declined to accept the treaty. This directly caused the allied victory at the Battle of Navarino (October 20, 1827), which forcefully and effectively created an independent Greek state.
July 6, 1873 – Dimitrios Maximos, Greek banker and politician, 140th Prime Minister of Greece, was born. (d. 1955)
July 7, 1936 – Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer-songwriter, was born, (d. 1980)
July 8, 1876 – Alexandros Papanastasiou, Greek sociologist and politician, Prime Minister of Greece, was born. (d. 1936)
July 8-18, 1913 – Greeks and Bulgarians fought to a bloody stalemate at the Battle of Kresna Gorge, during the Second Balkan War.
July 9, 1821 – Küçük Mehmet carried out several days of massacres of Greek Cypriots in Cyprus since July 9 and continued on for forty days, despite the Vizier’s command to end the plundering on July 20, 1821.
July 9, 1821 – The head of the Cypriot Orthodox Church, Archbishop Kyprianos, along with 486 prominent Greek Cypriots, amongst them the Metropolitans Chrysanthos of Paphos, Meletios of Kition and Lavrentios of Kyrenia,were executed by beheading or hanging by the Ottomans in Nicosia.
July 9, 1771 – Michael Paknanas,Greek gardener and martyr, passed away. (b. 1753)
July 9, 1956 – Many casualties and extensive damage caused by an earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Santorini and the nearby islands.
July 9, 1986 – Patriarch Nicholas VI of Alexandria, Greek Orthodox patriarch, passed away. (b. 1915)
July 10, 2012 – Peter Kyros, Greek-American lawyer and politician passed away. (b. 1925)
July 10, 2002 – Evangelos Florakis, Greek general, passed away. (b. 1943)
July 11, 1832 – Charilaos Trikoupis, Greek lawyer & politician, 55th Prime Minister of Greece, was born. (d. 1896)
July 11, 1998 – Panagiotis Kondylis, Greek philosopher and author passed away. (b. 1943)
July 11, 2011 – Evangelos Florakis Naval Base explosion: Ninety-eight containers of explosives self-detonated killing 13 people in Zygi, Cyprus.
July 12, 1912 – Dionysis Papagiannopoulos, Greek actor, was born. (d. 1984)
July 13, 1965 – Photis Kontoglou, Greek painter and illustrator, passed away. (b. 1895)
July 13, 1999 – Konstantinos Kollias, Greek general and politician, 168th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1901)
July 14, 1906 – Tom Carvel, Greek-American businessman, founder of Carvel, was born. (d. 1990)
July 15, 1935 – Alex Karras, Greek-American football player, wrestler, and actor, was born. (d. 2012)
July 15, 1974 – The Greek regime sponsored a coup d’état in Nicosia, replacing President Makarios III with Nikos Sampson.
July 16, 1923 – Chris Argyris, Greek-American psychologist, theorist, and academic was born. (d. 2013)
July 19, 1890 – George II of Greece was born. (d. 1947)
July 20, 1908 – Demetrius Vikelas, Greek businessman and author, passed away. (b. 1835)
July 20, 1914 – Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician, was born. (d. 2005)
July 20, 1920 – The Greek Army took control of Silivri after Greece was awarded the city by the Paris Peace Conference; by 1923 Greece effectively lost control to the Turks.
July 20, 1928 – Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet and author, passed away. (b. 1896)
July 20, 1930 – Giannis Agouris, Greek journalist and author, was born. (d. 2006)
July 20, 1974 – Turkey invades Cyprus, and still illegally occupies the northern portion of the island.
July 20, 1981 – Kostas Choumis, Greek-Romanian footballer, passed away. (b. 1913)
July 20, 2002 – Michalis Kritikopoulos Greek footballer, passed away. (b. 1946)
July 22, 1943 – World War II: Axis occupation forces violently dispersed a massive protest in Athens, killing 22.
July 23, 1914 – Nassos Daphnis, Greek-American painter, was born. (d. 2010)
July 23,1942 – Dimitris Liantinis, Greek philosopher and author, was born. (d. 1998)
July 23, 1974: Nikos Sampson was removed from office and replaced with Glafkos Klerides. The coup regime ends. A general ceasefire is declared.
July 23, 1974: Junta-appointed President Phaedon Gizikis called a meeting of old guard politicians with the participation of the heads of the armed forces. Military Junta collapsed. Konstantinos Karamanlis was chosen to assume the premiership, beginning Greece’s metapolitefsi era.
July 23, 1996: Greek actress Aliki Vougiouklakis died after short illness. Her funeral was attended by hundreds of thousands of people.
July 24, 1923 – Signing of the Treaty of Lausanne. The Greeks of Istanbul, Imbros and Tenedos (about 279,788 in Istanbul alone the next year) are excluded from the population exchange. The islands of Imbros and Tenedos were granted autonomy, by article 14, which was never implemented.
July 24, 1924 – Themistoklis Sofoulis became Prime Minister of Greece.
July 25, 1967 – Konstantinos Parthenis, Greek-Egyptian painter passed away. (b. 1878) He introduced modern elements together with traditional themes, like the figure of Christ, in his art.
July 25, 1998 – Evangelos Papastratos, Greek businessman, co-founder of Papastratos, passed away. (b. 1910)
July 25, 2011 – Michael Cacoyannis, Greek-Cypriot director, producer, and screenwriter, passed away. (b. 1922)
July 26, 1822 – Battle of Dervenakia took place. It was a decisive victory of the Greeks which saved the revolution.
July 26, 1867 – Otto, King of Greece passed away. (b. 1815)
July 26, 1930 – Pavlos Karolidis, Greek historian and academic, passed away. (b. 1849)
July 26, 1953 – Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general and politician, 135th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away (b. 1883)
July 26, 1999 – Phaedon Gizikis, Greek general and politician, President of Greece, passed away (b. 1917)
July 27, 1903 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek jurist and politician, President of Greece, was born .(d. 2002)
July 27, 1948 – Pavlos Sidiropoulos, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist was born. (d. 1990)
July 28, 1942 – Tonia Marketaki, Greek director and screenwriter, was born. (d. 1994)
July 29, 1973 – Greeks voted to abolish the monarchy, beginning the first period of the Metapolitefsi.
July 29, 1924 – Sotirios Krokidas, #Greek educator and politician, 110th Prime Minister of Greece passes away. (b. 1852)
July 29, 1911 – Archbishop Iakovos of America, was born (d. 2005)
July 31, 1920 – Ion Dragoumis, Greek philosopher and diplomat, passed away. (b. 1878)
Greek History – July: Did we miss anything?
Did we miss an important date in Greek history? Help us to round out this listing. Email us.
SOURCES: Wikipedia and other online listings
Summer’s here! Nothing says summer like relaxing with a good book.
Find book recommendations, reviews, and more, in Summer Reading Guide 2017.