Greek History: June

Greek flag flying in Chicago's Daley Plaza

Greece has a long, rich history. Let’s take a look back at what happened in June in Modern Greek History.


June in Greek History

What happened in June in Modern Greek History? Let’s find out!

 

Greek flag flying in Chicago's Daley Plaza
STAFF PHOTO

 

1917  – French and British forces occupied Piraeus, bombarded Athens and forced the Greek fleet to surrender. Constantine I resigned and left the country. His second son Alexander I became King and Venizelos was restored as Prime Minister in Athens. Greece would soon enter World War I.

1942 –  The Greek People’s Liberation Army began operating in the mountains during the Axis occupation and Resistance.

June-September 2007  – Western and Southern Peloponnese and southern Euobea were ravaged by lethal infernos. The worst fires in 50 years resulted in 68 deaths.



June 1

1913 – The Greek–Serbian Treaty of Alliance was signed, paving the way for the Second Balkan War.

1940 – Katerina Gogou, Greek actress & poet was born. (d. 1993)

1941– The remaining defenders at Sfakia, Crete surrendered to the German Army. Battle of Crete ended.

1973 – Monarchy was abolished. Dictator George Papadopoulos declared Greece a republic and himself President.


June 2

1821 – Destruction of Kydonies in Asia Minor by the Ottoman army. Tens of thousands of Greek inhabitants become refugees.

1941 – World War II: German paratroopers murdered Greek civilians in the village of Kondomari.

2017 – Metropolitan Iakovos of Chicago fell asleep in the Lord.

 

June 3

1941 – WWII: The Wehrmacht razed the Greek village of Kandanos to the ground and murdered 180 of its inhabitants.

 

June 4

1878 – Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire ceded Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retained nominal title.

 

June 5

1688 – Constantine Phaulkon, a Greek adventurer, who became prime counsellor to King Narai of Ayutthaya, assuming the title Chaophraya Wichayen, was born. (b. 1647)

1825Odysseas Androutsos, who once was an officer in the Turkish army of Ali Pasha and later joined the Filiki Etairia to fight for Greek independence, was executed in Athens. A political opponent accused him of consorting with the Turks and he was stripped of his command and imprisoned. (b. 1788)

 

June 6

1933 Second assassination attempt against Venizelos in Athens.

1943 – Pandelis Pouliopoulos,Greek politician, passed away. (b. 1900)

2002 – Eastern Mediterranean event. A near-Earth asteroid estimated at ten meters in diameter exploded over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. The resulting explosion was estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, slightly more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.

 

June 7

1896 – Pavlos Carrer, Greek composer, passed away. (b. 1829)

1944 – WWII: The steamer Danae, carrying 350 #CretanJews and 250 Cretan partisans, was sunk without survivors off the shore of Santorini.


June 7-8

1824 The island of Kasos was completely destroyed by the Turkish-Egyptian forces of Hussein Rushdi Pasha. About 7,000 people perished.

 

June 8

1954 – Marios Tokas, Greek-Cypriot singer-songwriter was born. (d. 2008)

2010 – Andreas Voutsinas, Greek actor & director, passed away. (b. 1932)

2017 – Sam Panopoulos, Greek cook, passed away. (b. 1934)

 

June 10

1944 The Distomo Massacre, a Nazi war crime perpetrated by members of the Waffen-SS in the village of Distomo during the Axis occupation of Greece during WWII, resulted in the murder of 218 and the village was looted and burnt.

2009 – Stelios Skevofilakas, Greek footballer passed away. (b. 1940)

 

June 11

1881 – Spiros Xenos, Greek-Swedish painter was born. (d. 1963)

1912 – William Baziotes, American painter & academic, was born. (d. 1963)

1915 – Nicholas Metropolis, American mathematician &  physicist was born. (d. 1999)

1917 – King Alexander assumed the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.

1975 – Current constitution ratified. It was amended in March 1986, April 2001, and May 2008.

2004 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist & politician, 177th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away.  (b. 1904)

 

June 12

1841 – Konstantinos Nikolopoulos, Greek composer, archaeologist, & philologist, passed away (b. 1786)

1881 – Spiros Xenos, Greek-Swedish painter, was born. (d. 1963)

2013 – Greece’s public broadcaster ERT was shut down by then-prime minister Antonis Samaras.

2015 – Greece’s public broadcaster ERT is reopened by then-prime minister Alexis Tsipras.

 

June 13

1878 – Beginning of the Treaty of Berlin. Eastern Rumelia became an autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire.

1879 – Charalambos Tseroulis, Greek general & politician, was born. (d. 1929)

1904 – Nikiforos Lytras, Greek painter & educator, passed away (b. 1832)

1905Prime Minister Theodoros Deligiannis was assassinated.

1979 – Demetrio Stratos, GreekEgyptian singer-songwriter and pianist, passed away (b. 1945)

 

June 15

1917 – Michalis Genitsaris, Greek singer-songwriter, was born. (d. 2005)

1946 – Demis Roussos, Greek-Egyptian singer-songwriter & bass player, was born (d. 2015)

1994 – Manos Hatzidakis, Greek composer & theorist, passed away. (b. 1925)

1995 An earthquake shattered Aigio. 26 people died.

2011 Three weeks of protests turned violent, as frustrated citizens opposed another round of austerity measures, which needed to pass in order for Greece to receive its next installment in the aid package from Troika. 30 people were injured, 36 police were also injured and at least 15 people were arrested.

2011 Two PASOK ministers resigned, and George Papandreou experienced further internal strife, as Parliament was increasingly against passing the new austerity package.

2011 Historic talks took place between Prime Minister George Papandreou and New Democracy leader Antonis Samaras regarding the establishment of a coalition government. Talks failed, with an indignant Papandreou refusing to step down and announcing he’d reshuffle the government, and Samaras demanding new elections.

 

June 16

1866 – Germanos Karavangelis, Greek-Austrian metropolitan, passed away. (d. 1935)

1913 Bulgarian forces attacked Greece and Serbia. Beginning of the Second Balkan War.

1917 – Phaedon Gizikis, Greek general & politician, President of Greece, was born. (d. 1999)

1945–  Aris Velouchiotis, the most prominent leader and chief instigator of the Greek People’s Liberation Army (ELAS), the military branch of the National Liberation Front (EAM), which was the major resistance organization in occupied Greece from 1942 to 1945, was killed. (b. 1905)

2011 Positions within George Papandreou’s PASOK government were reshuffled.


June 17

1771 – Daskalogiannis, Greek rebel leader, passed away. He was a wealthy shipbuilder & shipowner who led a Cretan revolt against Ottoman rule in the 18th century (b. 1722)



June 18

1943 – Elias Degiannis, Greek navy commander & 2nd in command of resistance group PROMETHEUS, passed away. (b. 1912)

2012 – Alketas Panagoulias, Greek footballer & manager, passed away.  (b. 1934)

 

June 19

1865 – Evangelos Zappas, Greek-Romanian businessman & philanthropist, passed away. (b. 1800)

1951 – Angelos Sikelianos, Greek poet & playwright passed away (b. 1884)

2011 – Debate began prior to a vote of confidence for Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou.

 

June 19-21

1913 Greek victory against the Bulgarians, at the Battle of Kilkis-Lahanas during the Second Balkan War.



June 20

1889 – John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer & academic, was born. (d. 1951)

1978 Destructive earthquake hit Thessaloniki killing 45 people.

2012 – Andrew Sarris, Greek-American critic, passed away. (b. 1928)

 

June 21

1824 – Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces captured Psara in the Aegean Sea. More than 15,000 Greeks of Psara were slaughtered by the forces of Hosref Pasha.

1826 – Maniots defeated the  Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas.

1998 – Al Campanis, Greek-American baseball player & manager, passed away. (b. 1916)

2011 Prime Minister George Papandreou survives a vote of confidence.

 

June 22

1825 Ibrahim Pasha captured Tripoli once again, killing the Greek population and destroying the city and its walls.

 

June 22-23

1913 Greek victory at the Battle of Doiran, Second Balkan War.

 

June 23

1829 Battle of Vergas. Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt sent an envoy to the people of Mani demanding their surrender or he’d pillage the town. The Maniots sent a letter of response: they weren’t afraid, were not leaving and they would wait for him to come. 7,000 men, a mixture of cavalry and infantry were deployed to Mani via Kalamata. An army of 2,000 Maniots and 500 Greek refugees prevailed, holding back the invaders at least eight times. The battle lasted several days. Ibrahim’s forces finally retreated after being chased back to Kalamata, and upon the news of the approach of Kolokotronis’ army. Also on June 23, Ibrahim also sent a small fleet carrying 1,500 to the Bay of Diros in hopes of capturing Areopolis. Aid came from many villages, and Ibrahim was unsuccessful in Diros as well.

1996 Andreas Papandreou, Greek economist and politician, 174th Prime Minister of Greece, and father of former Prime Minister George Papandreou, passed away.  (b.1919)

2005 – Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet & critic, passed away. (b. 1925)



June 24

1821The massacre of Heraklion or ‘the great ravage’ took place against the Greek community in Crete. Among the victims were the metropolitan of Crete and bishops.

1835 – Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral & politician, passed away (b. 1769)

1869 – Prince George of Greece & Denmark was born. (d. 1957).

1913 – Greece & Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.

2004 – Ifigeneia Giannopoulou, Greek songwriter & author, passed away (b. 1957)

 

June 25

1963 – George Michael, Greek-Cypriot-English singer-songwriter & producer, was born.  (d. 2016)

 

June 26

1487John Argyropoulos, Byzantine philosopher & scholar, passed away. (b. 1415)

1522 – Ottomans began the second Siege of Rhodes.

1924 – Kostas Axelos, Greek-French philosopher & author, was born. (d. 2010)

 

June 27

1850 – Lafcadio Hearn, Greek-Japanese historian & author, was born. He’s best known for known best for his books about Japan, especially his collections of Japanese legends and ghost stories. (d. 1904)

1894 – Giorgio Costantino Schinas, Maltese architect & civil engineer, passed away. (b. 1834)

1976 – Air France Flight 139 (Tel Aviv-Athens-Paris) wass hijacked en route to Paris by the PLO and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.

2015 – Prime Minister Alexi Tsipras announced a national referendum for July 5, to let citizens decide yes or no to accept latest bailout terms. Parliament approved the referendum, among Europe’s claims that the referendum would be invalid, since it would come after the June 30 payment deadline. If Greece missed a payment, the bailout program would expire.

 

June 27-July 4

1919  Battle of Aydin, a series of wide-scale armed conflicts during the initial stage of the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) in and around the city of Aydin in western Turkey, took place. Greece was victorious.

 

June 28

1836 – Emmanuel Rhoides, Greek journalist & author, was born. (d. 1904)

1892 – Alexandros Rizos Rangavis, Greek poet & politician, passed away. (b. 1810)

1917 – World War I: Greece declared war to the Central Powers.

1975 – Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis, Greek architect, passed away. (b. 1913)

1985 – Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor & singer, passed away. (b. 1913)

 

 

June 29

1807 – Russo-Turkish War: Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroyed the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.

1850 – Autocephaly officially granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Church of Greece.

1874 – Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis published a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled “Who’s to Blame?” in which he laid out his complaints against King George. He was elected Prime Minister of Greece the following year.

1907 – Konstantinos Volanakis, Greek painter & academic, passed away. (b. 1837)

1914 – Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek-American mathematician & academic, was born. (d. 1976).

1935 – Vassilis C. Constantakopoulos, Greek captain & businessman, was born. (d. 2011).

1949 – Themistoklis Sofoulis, Greek politician &115th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1860)

1951 – Aimilios Veakis, Greek actor & director, passed  away. (b. 1884)



June 30

1938 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer, was born. (d. 1999)

1996 – Lakis Petropoulos, Greek footballer & manager, passed away. (b. 1932)

2015 – Greece became the first developed nation to miss a debt payment to the IMF. Some called its status “in arrears,” while others said “default.”

 

Greek History – June: Did we miss anything?

Did we miss an important date in Greek history? Help us to round out this listing. Email us.


SOURCES: Wikipedia and other online listings


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