Greek History: November

Every month at WindyCity Greek, we commemorate important dates in modern Greek History. Find out what happened in November in Greek History.


November in Greek History

Let’s take a look back at what happened in November in modern Greek history.

 

Greek flag flying in Chicago's Daley Plaza
STAFF PHOTO

 

1920 –  Despite his achievements, Venizelos was defeated in the 1920 General Elections.

1963 – The Center Union under George Papandreou won the elections. Karamanlis self-exiled in Paris.

 

 

November 1

1912  –  Battle of Giannitsa, between the Greeks and the Ottomans during the First Balkan War. The Greek Army was victorious.

1926 – Stephen Antonakos, Greek-American sculptor, was born. (d. 2013)

1929 – Nicholas Mavroules, Greek-American lawyer  & politician, was born. (d. 2003)

1948 – Athenagoras I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, was enthroned.

1968 George Papandreou,Greek economist & politician, 134th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. His funeral becomes the occasion for a large anti-dictatorship demonstration. (b. 1888)

2001 – John S. Romanides, Greek priest, author, & educator who had a distinctive influence on post-war Greek Orthodox theology, passed away. (b. 1928)

 

 

November 2

1911 Poet Odysseus Elytis was born in Heraklion Crete. Elytis won the Nobel prize in Literature in 1979. (d. 1996)

1869 – Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet & playwright, passed away. (b. 1792)
1894 – Sofoklis Venizelos, Greek captain & politician, 133rd Prime Minister of #Greece, was born. (d. 1964)

1932 – Panagis Tsaldaris became the 142nd Prime Minister of Greece.

1940 – World War II: First day of Battle of Elaia–Kalamas between the Greeks & the Italians.

1960 – Dimitri Mitropoulos, Greek conductor & composer, passed away. (b. 1896)



November 3

1798 – Beginning of the Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu.

1935 – George II regained his throne through a popular, though possibly fixed, plebiscite.

 

 

 

November 4

1883 – Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general & politician, 135th Prime Minister of Greece, was born. (d. 1953)

1901 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist, author, & academic, was born. (d. 1974)

1988 – Kleanthis Vikelidis, Greek footballer & manager, passed away. (b. 1916)

 

 

November 5

1828 – Greek War of Independence: The French Morea expedition to recapture Morea (now the Peloponnese) ended when the last Ottoman forces departed the peninsula.

1928 – Vlasios Tsirogiannis, Greek general, passed away. (b. 1872)

1936 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek-American computer scientist &  academic, was born. (d. 2001)

 

 

November 6

1825  – Beginning of the Third Siege of Messolonghi during the Greek War of Independence.

6-12, 1912: Battle of Pente Pigadia, a battle between the Ottomans and the Kingdom of Greece, during the 1st Balkan War.

 

 

 

November 7

1898 – Raphaël Salem, Greek-French mathematician & academic, was born. (d. 1963)

1913 – Alekos Sakellarios, Greek director & screenwriter, was born. (d. 1991)

1917 – Titos Vandis, Greek actor, was born. (d. 2003)

1990 – Lawrence Durrell, PhilHellene-British novelist, poet, & dramatist, passed away. (b. 1912)

 

 

November 8

1855 – Nikolaos Triantafyllakos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece, was born.  (d. 1939)

8 & 9, 1866 Attack on the Arkadi Monastery in Crete.

1885 – George Bouzianis, Greek painter, was born. (d. 1959)

1901 – Gospel Riots: Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.

1935 – Stratos Dionysiou, Greek singer-songwriter, was born. (d. 1990)

1940 – Greco-Italian War: The Italian invasion of Greece failed as outnumbered #Greek units repulsed the Italians in the Battle of Elaia–Kalamas.

1977 – Tasos Giannopoulos, Greek actor & producer, passed away.

1977 – Manolis Andronikos, a Greek archaeologist & professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovered the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.

2001 – Aristidis Moschos, Greek santouri player & educator, passed away. (b. 1930)

2005 – Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor & director, passed away. (b. 1928)

2006 – Basil Poledouris, Greek-American composer & conductor, passed away. (b. 1945)

 


November 9

1912 –The Greek army entered Thessaloniki. The largest part of Macedonia unified with Greece.

 

 

November 10

2000 – Adamantios Androutsopoulos, Greek lawyer & politician, 171st Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1919)

 

 

November 11

1826 – Prime Minister Andreas Zaimis transferred the seat of the government to Aegina.

1907 – Orestis Laskos, Greek director, screenwriter, & poet, was born. (d. 1992)

1949 – Loukas Kanakaris-Roufos, Greek lawyer & politician, Greek Minister of Foreign Minister, passed away. (b. 1878)

1950 – Alexandros Diomidis, Greek banker & politician, 145th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1875)

1962 – Georgios Mitsibonas, Greek footballer, was born. (d. 1997)

1990 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor & director, passed away. (b. 1898)

1990 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet & playwright, passed away. (b. 1909)

 


November 12

1912 – King George I of Greece made a triumphal entry into Thessaloniki after its liberation from 482 years of Ottoman rule.

1957 – Tim Samaras, Greek-American engineer and storm chaser, was born. (d. 2013)

2013 – Antigone Valakou, Greek actress of stage & screen, passed away. (b. 1930)

 

 

November 13

1572 – Cyril Lucaris, Greek patriarch & theologian, was born. (d. 1638)

1913 – Dimitrios Hatzis, Greek novelist & journalist, was born. (d. 1981)

1940  – The Battle of Pindus ended in a complete Greek victory. The battle was fought in Epirus, between the Greeks and the Italians during the first stages of the Italian invasion of Greece.

1955 – Moshe Pesach, Greek rabbi, passed away. (b. 1869)

1979 – Dimitris Psathas, Greek playwright & academic, passed away. (b. 1907)

 

 

 

November 14

1940 – Greek forces entered Albanian territory. 

1973 – The Athens Polytechnic uprising, a massive demonstration of popular rejection of the Greek military junta of 1967–74, began.

1984 – Nikitas Platis, Greek actor & cinematographer, passed away. (b. 1912)

2002 – Elena Nikolaidi, Greek-American soprano & educator, passed away. (b. 1909)

 

 

November 15

1874 – Dimitrios Golemis, Greek runner, was born. (d. 1941)

1912 – Battle of Vevi, during the 1st Balkan War. It was one of the few Ottoman victories.

1920 – Vasilis Diamantopoulos, Greek actor, director, & screenwriter, was born. (d. 1999)

1922 – Dimitrios Gounaris, Greek lawyer &  politician, 94th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1866)

1922 – Petros Protopapadakis, Greek mathematician &  politician, 107th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1854)

1922 – Nikolaos Stratos, Greek lawyer & politician, 106th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1872)

1951 – Greek resistance leader Nikos Beloyannis, along with 11 resistance members, was sentenced to death by the court-martial.

1966 – Dimitrios Tofalos, Greek weightlifter & wrestler, passed away. (b. 1877)

1970 – Konstantinos Tsaldaris, Greek-Egyptian politician, passed away. (b. 1884)

1983 – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declared independence. Recognized only by Turkey.

1988 – Ieronymos I of Athens, #Greek archbishop & theologian, passed away. (b. 1905)

2013 – Glafcos Clerides, Greek-Cypriot lawyer and politician, 4th President of Cyprus, passed away. (b. 1919)

 

 

November 16

November 16, 1828 – Greek War of Independence: The London Protocol entailed the creation of an autonomous Greek state under Ottoman suzerainty, encompassing the Morea and the Cyclades.

 

 

November 17

1920 – Following the death of her grandson, Queen Olga became regent of Greece, until the return of her son. Incidentally, she is the grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, husband of Queen Elizabeth II of England.

1973 – Student uprising at the Athens Polytechnic, against the Junta. A total of 24 students and civilians are killed.

 

 

November 18

1906 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the mini car, was born. (d. 1988)

1916 – The “November events.” Royal paramilitary units, named the “League of Reservists”, target the Venizelists. Armed confrontation between Greek reservists and French marines. The Allies instituted a naval blockade on Greece. French and British forces landed in Thessaly and enter the regional capital of  Larissa.

 

 

November 19

1952 – Greek Field Marshal Alexander Papagos became the 152nd Prime Minister of Greece.

1988 – Christina Onassis, Greek-American businesswoman, passed away. (b. 1950)

2002 – The Greek oil tanker Prestige split in half and sunk off the coast of Galicia, releasing over 20 million US gallons (76,000 m³) of oil in the largest environmental disaster in Spanish and Portuguese history.

 

 

November 20

1913 – Kostas Choumis, Greek footballer, was born. (d. 1981)

1925 – George Barris, Greek-American engineer & car designer, was born. (d. 2015)

1978 – Giorgio de Chirico, Greek-Italian painter & sculptor, passed away. (b. 1888)

1989 – Mega Channel, the 1st Greek privately owned television channel, was founded and launches for the first time.

2016 – Former President of Greece Kostis Stephanopoulos passed away. (b. 1926)

 

 

November 21

1916 – The Britannic, sister ship of the Titanic, sunk by a mine near Kea. 30 people died.

2013 – Dimitri Mihalas, Greek-American astronomer & author, passed away. (b. 1939)

 

 

November 22

1934 – Rita Sakellariou, Greek singer, was born. (d. 1999)

1940 – World War II: Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattacked into Italian-occupied Albania and captured Korytsa.

 

 

November 23

1769 – Constantine Mavrocordatos, Greek prince, passed away. (b. 1711)

1838 – Stephanos Skouloudis, Greek banker and politician, 97th Prime Minister of Greece, was born.  (d. 1928)

1958 – Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower, passed away. (b. 1880)

1989 – Xenophon Zolotas agreed to serve as interim non-party Prime Minister, until fresh elections could be held.

2010 – Nassos Daphnis, Greek-American painter & sculptor, passed away. (b. 1914)

 

 

November 25

1826 – The Greek frigate Hellas arrived in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy.

1940 – The Gorgopotamos bridge was blown up in a common operation between the Greek militants and British saboteurs (Operation Harling). This successful operation disrupted the German transportation of ammunition via Greece to the Nazi Africa Corps under Rommel.

1957 – Prince George of Greece and Denmark, passed away. (b. 1869)

1973 – George Papadopoulos, head of the military Regime of the Colonels in Greece, is ousted in a hardliners’ coup led by Brigadier General Dimitrios Ioannidis. Military law was reinstated.

 

 

November 27

1919  Treaty of Neuilly was signed, following the Greco-Turkish War. Greece acquired Western Thrace.

1928 – Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor & director, was born. (d. 2005)

2004 – Pope John Paul II returned the relics of Saint John Chrysostom to the Eastern Orthodox Church.

2016 – Ioannis Grivas, Greek statesman, passed away. (b. 1923)

 

 

November 28

1852 – Emmanuil Xanthos,#Greek activist, co-founded Filiki Eteria, passed away. (b. 1772)

1864 – New constitution, unicameral assembly, & constitutional monarchy created.


1917 – Mikelis Avlichos, Greek poet & scholar, passed away. (b. 1844)

1922 – According to the verdict of the Trial of the Six, the former Prime Minister Dimitrios Gounaris, the Commander-in-Chief of the Greek Armies Georgios Hatzianestis and four other high ranked politicians were executed as responsible for the Asia Minor Catastrophe.

1982 – Helen of Greece and Denmark, passed away. (b. 1896)

2010 – Giorgos Fountas, Greek actor, passed away. (b. 1922)

 

 

November 29

1861 – Spyridon Samaras, Greek playwright & composer, was born. (d. 1917)

 

 

November 30

1892 – Dimitrios Valvis, Greek judge & politician, 69th Prime Minister of Greece, passed away. (b. 1814)

2015 – Minas Hatzisavvas, Greek actor & screenwriter, passed away. (b. 1948)

 

 

Greek History – November: Did we miss anything?

Did we miss an important date in modern Greek History? If yes, drop us an email and well add it to the list.

 


SOURCES: Wikipedia and other online listings


More Greek History:

July

August

September

October

Remembering the Holocaust of Arkadi